Green Skills

Green skills are the starting point for integrating sustainability into the labour market. Sustainable social capital is a key aspect for new socio-economic models. It is especially important that those who are just beginning their training learn to understand the impact of their work on the environment, and know the responsibility that they have for a sustainable future.

Currently, Corporate Social Responsibility models have included an environmental approach in business management, a path initiated by environmental standards in companies. But it is necessary to go one step further and include sustainability skills in the training processes, taking into account their transversal nature and integrating green criteria into all occupations.

The GLOBE Competence Framework is a first step. Although our proposal of competencies is born from an approximation to the needs in the work environment, it can nevertheless represent a starting point and reference point for its transversal insertion in other environments.

We have defined green skills as “those skills needed to adapt products, services and processes to climate change and the related environmental requirements and regulations”. Cedefop defines green skills as “the knowledge, abilities, values and attitudes needed to live in, develop and support a sustainable and resource-efficient society”.

The green transition inevitably leads to structural changes in the labour market and employment, both between and within occupations. Although occupational changes may occur at different rates and in different ways depending on the context, all countries from the poorest to the richest and from the least to most economically developed must recognise the importance of environmentally sustainable in everything we do. Thus, labour market and skills policies that support this task smoothly will be a basic component of green growth strategies.


Technical Competences

Technical competences are related to specific tasks for each occupation.

Generic Interdisciplinary Competences

These are related to transversal areas of knowledge needed to support any occupation.

Normative Competences

Normative competences, (also called transversal skills) are related to vision and values needed to reach the goal of sustainable development.


GLOBE Objectives:

  • Answer to shortage of skills and competences in green economy.
  • Contributing to update the national competence and skills framework, including new competences for green economy and up-dating traditional professional profiles ac-cording to the new requirements.
  • Improve the training delivery mechanism, through the development and use of innovative learning and training resources (game based learning).
  • Dealing with the dual challenge of green economy, making economic growth compatible with climate stabilisation and sustainable environment footprint, through the development of green skills and competences in apprentice.
  • Contributing to develop the social dimension of green economy, promoting training and adapting labour.

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